The cause of acne is quite simple. The principle cause is the obstruction of the opening of a pore (hair follicle) by dead skin cells and oil from overactive oil glands. This obstruction can lead to infection. Previously, the only way to treat infection in acne was antibiotics, either topically or orally administered.
There is a new, simple treatment for acne called Photodynamic therapy. This treatment originated in America and is also used to treat sun damage. The treatment works by applying a lotion called Amino Levulinic Acid, a light sensitising agent, which is then activated using a technology called Continuous light and can also include Intense Pulse Llight which reduces any pigmentation and redness in the skin. It is expected that this treatment will improve moderate to severe infective acne.
Photodynamic Therapy involves three mechanisms of treating acne; this is the reason why it is so effective. Firstly, it exfoliates the skin with Microdermabrasion to unblock the pores. The ALA is then applied and left on under an occlusive dressing for 2 to 3 hours. Light will then activate the ALA and these treatments work to destroy the most common bacteria involved in acne. The third and most exciting mechanism of action is that it reduces oil production in the over-active sebaceous glands. This is the effect that provides long-lasting results for acne sufferers, including those with severe or cystic acne. This treatment is particularly exciting for people who have tried multiple other acne treatments, including medication and have not had a desirable result or cure. It is also a safe alternative to Roaccutane treatment for people with severe acne.
Most people find the Microdermabrasion and application of ALA quite comfortable. The Continuous Light will cause a hot, stinging sensation in the skin. Your skin will be red following the treatment and may gently peel or swell. You will be required to stay out of the sun or bright light for 48 hours following treatment as your skin will be very light sensitive. Most people stay indoors at home for 2 days as any discomfort felt will be caused by light exposure during this time. There may be some residual redness for one week and the skin will flake or peel for 3 days. Most people will have two to three treatments, but this will be decided at your consultation at Face Today Medi-clinics.